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信物故事——深圳地铁7号线奠基石
来源:电建铁路公司 作者:甘辛 摄影:甘辛 时间:2021-06-04 字体:[ ]

深圳地铁7号(hao)线,是中(zhong)国电(dian)建承建的(de)(de)第(di)一条完整的(de)(de)地铁项目和投(tou)资规(gui)模最大的(de)(de)城市(shi)(shi)基础设(she)施(shi)项目,标(biao)志着中(zhong)国电(dian)建第(di)一次全面进入城市(shi)(shi)轨道交通施(shi)工(gong)领域(yu)(yu),在股(gu)份公司战略(lve)转型和结构(gou)调整的(de)(de)发展进程(cheng)中(zhong)具有里程(cheng)碑意义(yi)。深圳地铁7号(hao)线奠基石,是这段历(li)史的(de)(de)见证者,是印证中(zhong)国电(dian)建迈入城市(shi)(shi)轨道领域(yu)(yu)的(de)(de)最具代表意义(yi)的(de)(de)信物。

2012年5月31日,中(zhong)国电建(jian)(jian)历经1年余时(shi)间的艰苦努力中(zhong)标深圳(zhen)地铁7号线(xian)(xian)BT项目,该线(xian)(xian)西(xi)起(qi)南山区(qu)(qu)西(xi)丽(li)湖站,东至(zhi)罗湖区(qu)(qu)太安站,全长(zhang)30.173公(gong)里(li),总投资额约257亿元。中(zhong)国电建(jian)(jian)以(yi)“投融资+设计施工(gong)总承(cheng)包”的模式承(cheng)建(jian)(jian)BT项目,合同(tong)(tong)金额168.53亿元,工(gong)程(cheng)涵盖28座地下车(che)站和(he)27个(ge)区(qu)(qu)间土(tu)建(jian)(jian)(7个(ge)矿(kuang)工(gong)法区(qu)(qu)间段(duan),20个(ge)盾构区(qu)(qu)间段(duan)),安装装修和(he)轨道工(gong)程(cheng),新建(jian)(jian)体(ti)育北(bei)主变电所(suo)、深云车(che)辆段(duan)及安托山停车(che)场,同(tong)(tong)步建(jian)(jian)设深圳(zhen)轨道交通网(wang)络控制中(zhong)心等工(gong)程(cheng)。

万事开头难,奠基之石总是伴随着艰难困苦

建(jian)设7号线,对(dui)中(zhong)国电(dian)(dian)建(jian)来(lai)说几乎(hu)是(shi)从(cong)零开始(shi),从(cong)“懂水(shui)建(jian)电(dian)(dian)”的水(shui)电(dian)(dian)领(ling)域领(ling)头羊,到迈入城市轨道新领(ling)域,是(shi)中(zhong)国电(dian)(dian)建(jian)产(chan)业结构调整、战略(lve)转(zhuan)型的关键一招。同时,7号线从(cong)西至东,穿(chuan)越(yue)了深(shen)圳(zhen)最繁华的南山、福田(tian)、罗湖(hu)三个区,工(gong)程规模巨大(da)(da),囊(nang)括了地(di)铁施工(gong)56个专业,上百种工(gong)法;全线施工(gong)难度极(ji)大(da)(da),下穿(chuan)重要(yao)建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)物(wu)20多栋(dong)、河流湖(hu)泊5处(chu)(chu)、铁路2处(chu)(chu)、运营地(di)铁4处(chu)(chu)、桥梁8处(chu)(chu);施工(gong)风(feng)险极(ji)大(da)(da),有35处(chu)(chu)重大(da)(da)风(feng)险源,大(da)(da)量(liang)临近建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)物(wu)爆(bao)破(po),59米(mi)超大(da)(da)深(shen)基坑等;施工(gong)的地(di)质条件极(ji)差,隧(sui)道穿(chuan)越(yue)透水(shui)沙层、淤(yu)泥(ni)层、孤石地(di)段等;环保要(yao)求极(ji)高,穿(chuan)过深(shen)圳(zhen)商(shang)业核心地(di)带华强(qiang)(qiang)北,需建(jian)设总面积达4.4万平方米(mi)的华强(qiang)(qiang)北与地(di)下商(shang)业空间。

更(geng)(geng)加(jia)困(kun)难的(de)(de)是(shi)(shi),中国(guo)电(dian)(dian)建(jian)在地铁(tie)(tie)建(jian)设(she),尤(you)其是(shi)(shi)这么(me)大的(de)(de)规模(mo)地铁(tie)(tie)建(jian)设(she)上(shang),就是(shi)(shi)一张白(bai)纸(zhi),面临(lin)着一无城市建(jian)筑(zhu)经(jing)验、二无地铁(tie)(tie)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)经(jing)验,更(geng)(geng)无专(zhuan)业(ye)技术人才队伍!在7号线(xian)(xian)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)队伍组织过(guo)程中,经(jing)过(guo)统计,居然有95%的(de)(de)管理(li)者(zhe)此(ci)前(qian)没有接触(chu)过(guo)地铁(tie)(tie)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong),几乎是(shi)(shi)100%的(de)(de)人没有干(gan)过(guo)整条地铁(tie)(tie)线(xian)(xian)的(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)。面对这一“先天不(bu)(bu)足”,电(dian)(dian)建(jian)人敢(gan)想敢(gan)干(gan),一方面从外部大量(liang)引进(jin)(jin)超过(guo)700余(yu)名(ming)人才,又不(bu)(bu)断(duan)进(jin)(jin)行解放思想大讨论(lun)、大践行,持续加(jia)强内部培训,在7号线(xian)(xian)实(shi)战过(guo)程中,为中国(guo)电(dian)(dian)建(jian)培养(yang)了(le)一大批骨干(gan)力(li)量(liang),而(er)现在,这批优秀人才相继奔赴京雄(xiong)、洛阳(yang)、成都、长(zhang)沙各地,开疆拓(tuo)土(tu),为中国(guo)电(dian)(dian)建(jian)迈着更(geng)(geng)大的(de)(de)步伐进(jin)(jin)军地铁(tie)(tie)市场打下了(le)坚(jian)实(shi)的(de)(de)基础。

天下大事必作于细,攻坚克难就是要有奠基石一般的坚忍不拔之志

2012年10月23日,深圳地(di)铁7号线(xian)正式开工建设,波澜壮阔的施工画卷展(zhan)开之(zhi)际,一系列挑战接踵而来。

这里有国内(nei)首座(zuo)清(qing)水混凝(ning)土(tu)(tu)(tu)车站(zhan)—皇岗口岸站(zhan)。车站(zhan)与地下(xia)变电所、下(xia)沉式广场(chang)合建,站(zhan)厅层公共区域的(de)侧墙、立(li)柱、下(xia)沉式广场(chang)外露部分墙体,均(jun)为清(qing)水混凝(ning)土(tu)(tu)(tu)。电建建设(she)者(zhe),以敢为人先(xian)的(de)开拓精(jing)神,针对此(ci)高标(biao)准混凝(ning)土(tu)(tu)(tu)施工,展开专(zhuan)项方(fang)案设(she)计和(he)技术攻关,最终完美按节(jie)点优质高效完成。

这(zhei)(zhei)里有(you)亚洲最(zui)大的(de)地(di)铁指(zhi)挥中心—NOCC,即(ji)深圳(zhen)市轨道交(jiao)通(tong)(tong)网络运(yun)营(ying)控(kong)制中心,这(zhei)(zhei)一中心占地(di)面积15785平(ping)方米(mi)(mi),建筑面积116375平(ping)方米(mi)(mi),建筑高度(du)78.9米(mi)(mi),为(wei)深圳(zhen)市计划建设(she)20条地(di)铁线(xian)路路OCC,承担了深圳(zhen)市所有(you)轨道交(jiao)通(tong)(tong)的(de)运(yun)营(ying)指(zhi)挥工作(zuo),是深圳(zhen)市轨道交(jiao)通(tong)(tong)的(de)大脑中枢。经(jing)过(guo)努力(li),该(gai)工程在推迟开工3个月的(de)极端不利条件(jian)下,奋发有(you)为(wei),提前3个月实现(xian)了投入运(yun)行,堪称(cheng)奇迹(ji)。

这里(li)有亚洲最大的地(di)铁(tie)(tie)车(che)(che)辆体检中心—深云(yun)车(che)(che)辆段。该车(che)(che)辆段占(zhan)地(di)32.02公顷(qing),土方(fang)(fang)开挖量(liang)432万立方(fang)(fang)米,是深圳乃至(zhi)全国地(di)铁(tie)(tie)建(jian)设史上土方(fang)(fang)开挖量(liang)之最。工程土方(fang)(fang)外运必经人口(kou)稠密(mi)区,电建(jian)建(jian)设者,开动(dong)脑筋(jin),严守环保、加速(su)推进,为了不扰民,直接(jie)新建(jian)了一(yi)条快速(su)匝道,在(zai)按期完成施工任务的同时,获得(de)了文明施工样板创(chuang)建(jian)点(dian)荣(rong)誉称号(hao)。

这(zhei)里有“中(zhong)华电(dian)(dian)子第(di)一街”—华强北(bei)(bei)商业街。7号(hao)线穿过(guo)华强北(bei)(bei),并要在(zai)该地建设一座总面积达3.4万(wan)(wan)平方(fang)米的(de)超大(da)型(xing)地下商场,这(zhei)相当于北(bei)(bei)京王府井商场面积的(de)总和。该地云集(ji)了1.8万(wan)(wan)个企业,2.1万(wan)(wan)户(hu)个体工(gong)(gong)商户(hu),22万(wan)(wan)从业人(ren)员(yuan),日均(jun)客流(liu)量超过(guo)50万(wan)(wan)人(ren)次,在(zai)核心商圈(quan)修地铁,电(dian)(dian)建人(ren)用细心、诚心、真心,在(zai)商业圈(quan)内舞蹈,高标准、高质量建设,优化方(fang)案、严格纪律、取信于民,提前2个月完成(cheng)这(zhei)一极具挑战的(de)工(gong)(gong)点(dian)建设,为进一步推(tui)动(dong)华强北(bei)(bei)商圈(quan)做大(da)做强,注(zhu)入强劲(jing)动(dong)力。

在7号线上,电建人勇破(po)(po)“孤石迷阵”,8次穿(chuan)过孤石群;创新运用“冷冻法”施工(gong),穿(chuan)越“豆腐(fu)渣(zha)”地(di)层;大胆(dan)使用“矿(kuang)山法”掘(jue)进,创造城(cheng)市地(di)铁(tie)总长超万米“矿(kuang)山法”施工(gong)奇迹;大力推广使用BIM技术,攻克了(le)管线碰撞、干(gan)扰疑难杂(za)症;充(chong)分发挥专业(ye)特(te)长,破(po)(po)解(jie)了(le)地(di)铁(tie)漏(lou)水这一行业(ye)顽疾(ji)。

信物见证,奠基石已站立成一座丰碑

2016年7月(yue)28日,7号(hao)(hao)(hao)(hao)线(xian)(xian)完成调度指挥权(quan)、属地(di)管理权(quan)、设备使用(yong)权(quan)移交(jiao),比计划提前了两个(ge)月(yue)。2016年10月(yue)28日,7号(hao)(hao)(hao)(hao)线(xian)(xian)正(zheng)式开通运营,标(biao)志着7号(hao)(hao)(hao)(hao)线(xian)(xian)伟(wei)大(da)攻坚圆(yuan)满完成。在(zai)这里,7号(hao)(hao)(hao)(hao)线(xian)(xian)斩获国(guo)(guo)(guo)家优质(zhi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)奖(jiang)金质(zhi)奖(jiang),为全国(guo)(guo)(guo)第二(er)个(ge)、广(guang)(guang)东首个(ge)获此殊荣的轨道(dao)(dao)交(jiao)通项(xiang)目(mu);之后又获得第十六届土(tu)木(mu)(mu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)詹天佑奖(jiang),成为国(guo)(guo)(guo)内首条同获国(guo)(guo)(guo)家优质(zhi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)金质(zhi)奖(jiang)和中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)土(tu)木(mu)(mu)詹天佑奖(jiang)两项(xiang)国(guo)(guo)(guo)家级大(da)奖(jiang)的地(di)铁(tie)线(xian)(xian)路(lu)。建(jian)(jian)设过程(cheng)(cheng)中(zhong),电(dian)建(jian)(jian)人获得发(fa)明专利1项(xiang),使用(yong)新型专利31项(xiang),铁(tie)道(dao)(dao)协会(hui)科(ke)学技术三等(deng)(deng)奖(jiang)1项(xiang),中(zhong)施(shi)协科(ke)学技术一等(deng)(deng)奖(jiang)1项(xiang)、二(er)等(deng)(deng)奖(jiang)5项(xiang),股份(fen)公司(si)科(ke)学技术奖(jiang)1项(xiang)、一等(deng)(deng)奖(jiang)2项(xiang)、二(er)等(deng)(deng)奖(jiang)4项(xiang)。44个(ge)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)点(dian)获得深(shen)(shen)圳市安全生产与文(wen)明施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)优良工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)地(di)称号(hao)(hao)(hao)(hao);6个(ge)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)点(dian)获得广(guang)(guang)东省房(fang)屋市政工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)安全文(wen)明示(shi)范工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)地(di)及广(guang)(guang)东省AA级安全文(wen)明标(biao)准化工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)地(di);全线(xian)(xian)获得中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)建(jian)(jian)筑业协会(hui)“第四批全国(guo)(guo)(guo)建(jian)(jian)筑业绿(lv)色示(shi)范工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)”称号(hao)(hao)(hao)(hao);华(hua)强北片区(qu)获得国(guo)(guo)(guo)家AAA级安全文(wen)明标(biao)准化工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)地(di)。中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)电(dian)建(jian)(jian)旗(qi)帜高扬(yang)在(zai)鹏(peng)城,并相继(ji)在(zai)5号(hao)(hao)(hao)(hao)线(xian)(xian)、10号(hao)(hao)(hao)(hao)线(xian)(xian)、9号(hao)(hao)(hao)(hao)线(xian)(xian)、穗(sui)莞深(shen)(shen)、深(shen)(shen)惠(hui)等(deng)(deng)地(di)铁(tie)及城际(ji)铁(tie)路(lu)展(zhan)现身姿,从深(shen)(shen)圳出发(fa),电(dian)建(jian)(jian)人奔赴武汉、成都(dou)、哈尔(er)滨(bin),年轨道(dao)(dao)交(jiao)通营业额(e)超(chao)400亿(yi)元,成为中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)轨道(dao)(dao)交(jiao)通领(ling)域的新军劲旅。

7号线的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建设过程(cheng)(cheng)中(zhong),还创(chuang)新开展了“共建联建”新模(mo)式,将工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)业主方(fang)、建设方(fang)、施(shi)工(gong)方(fang)、地方(fang)街(jie)道(dao)办联合(he)起来,形成党建廉建联盟(meng),为工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)建设创(chuang)造(zao)良好的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)施(shi)工(gong)环境。施(shi)工(gong)过程(cheng)(cheng)中(zhong),先后参与(yu)光明区(qu)(qu)特大滑坡灾难(nan)抢救,获得地方(fang)政府(fu)高度评价,涌(yong)现(xian)出感动鹏(peng)城的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)“撑伞哥”等先进人物,全(quan)线建设过程(cheng)(cheng)中(zhong),未出现(xian)一起爆破(po)引起的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)房屋重大损坏事件,在繁华的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)深圳市(shi)区(qu)(qu)旖旎穿行(xing),擦(ca)亮(liang)了“电建地铁”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)金字招牌。

即(ji)将走过十载征程,奠(dian)基石(shi)依然安放在电(dian)(dian)建南方(fang)公司门口,来(lai)来(lai)往(wang)往(wang)的电(dian)(dian)建人每(mei)天注视着(zhe)它(ta),深(shen)圳地铁集团(tuan)还要将它(ta)移放到深(shen)圳市轨(gui)(gui)道交通陈(chen)列(lie)馆(guan)内(nei)。一件信物、一段历(li)史,奠(dian)基石(shi),这块具(ju)有特殊(shu)意义(yi)的石(shi)头,是中国电(dian)(dian)建轨(gui)(gui)道交通业务大发(fa)展的奠(dian)基石(shi),是电(dian)(dian)建人勇(yong)于接受(shou)挑(tiao)战、勇(yong)于自(zi)我革新(xin)(xin)的奠(dian)基石(shi),是中国电(dian)(dian)建在迈(mai)入(ru)新(xin)(xin)时期、迎来(lai)新(xin)(xin)飞跃的奠(dian)基石(shi)。


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